Alternative names: Hofwart
Original origin: Germany
FCI group: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoide - Swiss Mountain Dogs
size: up to 70cm
size: up to 65cm
Mass () : 30 - 40kg
Mass () : 25 - 35kg
Life expectancy: 8 - 13 years
litter size: 6 - 9
coat color: gold, black
coat type: tight
coat length: long
Character / essence: loyal, playful, balanced, protective
attitude: consistent education, daily exercise
Hovawart - introduction information
Of the Hovawart is a century-old breed, which has its origin in the Germany of the Middle Ages. Already from the 13th century there are written records mentioning a dog under the name Hovawart. The name of this breed is derived from the Middle High German words "hova" for "farm" and "wait" for "guard". The medieval hovawart was therefore a peasant dog that protected the house, farm and cattle from theft. Its original function has largely preserved this breed over the centuries, however, the breeding stock in the 18th Century gradually decreased and the Hovawart was almost extinct. Only in the early twenties of the last century did the ambitious breeding efforts of the race researcher Karl König ensure that the Hovawart survived and developed as we know it today. After intensive study of ancient records and depictions, King crossed long-haired and, as he called it, "rough" peasant dogs from the Black Forest and Harz. It took another decade before the Hovawart was finally recognized as a distinct race in 1936. Since the sixties, he enjoys as a companion and working dog in Europe steadily growing popularity.
The Hovawart counts with a shoulder height of up to seventy centimeters and a maximum body weight of forty kilograms to the large dog breeds. The bitches are usually a lot smaller and lighter than the males and differ from these also strong in physique and head shape. While the males have a broad skull and a rectangular and heavy-looking body, the bitches are much narrower and more elegant in stature. The strikingly beautiful and shiny coat of Hovawarts is long, dense and slightly wavy. It can appear monochrome black or with blond marks on the chest, face and front of the runs. Monochrome blond dogs are also allowed and are often confused with Golden Retrievers.
The Hovawart is characterized by a very self-assured and balanced nature, is playful and faithful to its owners. Strangers he encounters suspiciously, who enters his property unannounced, must reckon with a highly talented and independently thinking watchdog, who decides himself when he should intervene. In order to compensate for this sometimes dangerous trait, but to promote its breed-related strong growth drive, a consistent education is needed. Also, the Hovawart should be socialized early, so as not to pose a danger to conspecifics. However, the Hovawart behaves very gently and patiently towards his family members, which is why he is also happily kept in families with children. His pack and territory will always vigorously defend a Hovawart. He is a very intelligent working dog who wants to be mentally and physically challenged. Daily long excursions in the wild are just as necessary for a species-appropriate attitude of the Hovawarts as an assertive caregiver who gives him clearly defined tasks.