Surname: Hydrangea
Latin name: Hydrangea
Other names: /
plant family: Hydrangea growth
Number of species: about 60 species
circulation area: Europe, Asia
original distribution area: China and Japan
Location of the plant: shady / partially shaded
Blдtter: strongly dependent on the respective hydrangea species
Frьchte: Education of capsule crops
Blьtenfarbe: many colors possible (white, red, blue, green, violet)
Blьtezeit: July August
Hцhe: 1 - 7m
Older: perennial plant (about 2 - 5 years)
use: Ornamental plant
characteristics: poisonous

Plant information: Hydrangea

hydrangeas or Hydrangeae form a sixty-species own plant family. From wild species that grow in the thickets in forests of temperate zones of East and South Asia, primarily in Japan and China, varieties were cultivated, which are today summarized under the term garden hydrangea or Hydrangea macrophylla.
Hydrangeas are woody shrubs or shrubs that can grow up to several meters high. Climbing species even reach maximum growth heights of up to seven meters. Hydrangeas are multi-annual and conditionally hardy plants that prefer locations in the shade or partial shade, with sufficient irrigation but also tolerate direct sunlight quite well.
Depending on the variety, the foliage of the hydrangea appears as broad and upwardly pointed leaves with a smooth or gesdgtem edge, with a distinction between evergreen and deciduous hydrangea species. The white, pink, blue or light green flowers are either on plate-shaped umbels or lilac-like panicles. Only in the interior of the flower-beds are fertile flowers, on the edge of the umbels are sterile sterile leaves, which serve the attraction of best-damaging insects.
These ornamental shrubs first came to England and later to Europe from Japan and China at the end of the eighteenth century, and gradually became habitable wherever the winters were not too severe. The hydrangea was long considered old-fashioned, but has been enjoying great popularity as a garden and potted plant for several years. It thrives best in a place sheltered from wind and needs humus and nutrient-rich soil and a lot of water. Potted plants should be dipped regularly to ensure adequate water supply.
Particularly attractive and sought after are specimens with bright blue flower stems, which develop from a few pink varieties. The blue discoloration depends on the pH and alumina content of the soil. The acidic soil condition can be achieved by fertilization with special preparations, the chemical composition of the water should also be considered. In order to guarantee a lush flowering hydrangea so attractive for the following season, the plants should not be cut back in autumn. In countries with particularly harsh winters, it is advisable to winter hydrangeas in the house in a cool place at about 0 ° C.


This information is for scholastic work only and is not intended to identify edible or inedible plants. Eat or Never use found plants or fruits without appropriate expertise!

Pictures: Hydrangea