Surname: Common ivy
Latin name: Hedera helix
Other names: Ivy
plant family: Aralia growth
Number of species: ten kinds
circulation area: worldwide
original distribution area: probably tropical forests
Location of the plant: Partial shade;
Blдtter: Top dark green, underside light green
Frьchte: dark blue berries (poisonous!)
Blьtenfarbe: bright green
Blьtezeit: September October
Hцhe: theoretically unlimited, because climbing plant
Older: 400-500 years possible
use: Medicinal plant, ornamental plant
characteristics: antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal
Plant information: Common Ivy
Of the Common ivy or Hedera helix belongs to the Araliengewchs and is therefore distantly related to the ginseng. The extremely sturdy and evergreen plant has the ability to proliferate across the surface due to its climbing roots, but can also rise up on rocks, fences, trees or house walls. The evergreen ivy can live for several hundred years and is therefore considered a symbol of eternity and life after death in many cultures, including Christianity. Even in ancient times, the plant found mention in many written records and was, for example, in ancient Egypt as a plant of the realm of the dead. In Greece and among the Romans, the ivy was an attribute of the vineyards Bacchus and Dionysos. The botanical name derives from the Greek words "hйdra" and "helix", which translate to "sitting" and "spiraling".
The common ivy is native to almost all countries of Europe, only rarely to be found in Scandinavia. He prefers shady or at least partially shaded places and loves a mild climate and high humidity.
The common ivy can become up to 20 meters long and possesses two kinds of branches. The adhesive roots are formed only by climbing branches, whose gleaming and deep green leaves have three or five corners and appear light green on the underside. Of the same color are also the pointed and oval leaves, which grow on twigs that do not form climbing roots, but produce the ivy flowers. These hemispherical umbels are yellow-green in color and bloom in September and October. After winter, the flowers form black-blue and poisonous berries.
Due to its ability to develop well in the shade, the common ivy is used as an ornamental plant in gardens and parks and is often due to its strong symbolic power as a burden of tombstones to be found in cemeteries. Due to its excellent climbing abilities it is also often planted to cover house facades.
Already in ancient Greece, people took advantage of the antibacterial, fungicidal and antiviral properties of ivy. Today, the leaves harvested before flowering produce medical preparations and homeopathic remedies, which, above all, have a strong mucous effect and are therefore used primarily in the treatment of respiratory diseases. Also in the therapy of nerve pain, the active ingredients of ivy are used. Self-directed applications, such as the preparation of tea infusions, are strongly discouraged, as the ingredients of common ivy pose a risk of poisoning.
This information is for scholastic work only and is not intended to identify edible or inedible plants. Eat or Never use found plants or fruits without appropriate expertise!
Pictures: Common ivy