General

The cicada - Wanted poster


Characteristics

Surname: Cicada
Latin name: Auchenorrhyncha
class: Insects
size: 1 - 10cm
mass: ?
Older: 1 - 15 years
Appearance: depending on the species
Sexual dimorphism: No
Nutrition type: Sap sucker
food: Plant juices
distribution: worldwide
original origin: unknown
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: relatively unspecific, but always in close proximity to plants
natural enemies: Ant, wasp, spider, birds
sexual maturity: with the completed development to the cicada
mating season: in principle possible all year round
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.

Interesting about the cicada

  • Cicadas or Auchenorrhychna describe a worldwide order of over 45 000 different species comprehensive order of flying insects.
  • Cicadas occur on all continents and colonize all habitats that have a vegetation. So they are as native in the tropics, subtropics and high mountain regions as in forests, on shores of different waters and in dry areas such as steppes and semi-deserts.
  • In Germany over six hundred known species of cicadas live.
  • The cicadas describe a hitherto poorly researched group of insects.
  • Many people mistakenly confuse them with grasshoppers because of their appearance, but with whom they are not related.
  • However, the cicadas and grasshoppers have the distinct ability to jump together.
  • Cicadas are much more closely related to the lice and bugs than to the grasshoppers.
  • Depending on the body structure they are divided into the so-called Spitzkopfzikaden or Fulgoromorpha and the round-headed cicadas or Cicadomorpha.
  • Cicadas, in spite of their bad reputation for humans and animals, are completely harmless because they feed exclusively on plants.
  • However, regular invasions of cicadas can, like locusts, cause severe crop damage and significant crop losses.
  • From the plants and trees the cicadas suck the juice with a special trunk, which is at the front lower side of the head.
  • Cicadas stand out due to their winged position, which is roof-shaped.
  • Depending on the species and habitat, cicadas appear in different patterns and intensive colors as well as in inconspicuous brown and gray tones. The coloring and drawing always depend on the environment in which the cicada is always well camouflaged.
  • Some species living on tree trunks show a pattern that leads to an optical resolution of the body contour.
  • Cicadas reach body lengths between one and ten centimeters.
  • With a wingspan of almost 22 centimeters, the cicada is considered the largest known species.
  • The life expectancy of the cicadas is relatively high. Depending on the species, these flying insects can reach the age of over fifteen years.
  • Some cicada species mate only once in a lifetime. Scientists found that the reproductive cycle is dependent on that of their predators to maximize the chances of survival of the larvae.
  • The chirping sounds of the leafhopper can be heard in some species, especially those living in Africa specimens over distances of up to one kilometer.
  • In many countries, including Thailand, Australia, China and some African regions cicadas are considered a coveted delicacy.