Latin name: Carpinus betulus
Number of species: about 170 species
circulation area: Europe
fruit: up to 1cm large nut fruits
height: 15 - 25 meters
Older: up to 300 years
Properties of the bark: long and smooth
Properties of the wood: hardest European timber
Locations of the tree: basically everywhere, hornbeam has no spec. claims
leaf: 5-10 cm long, 3-6 cm wide leaves; Leaf underside lighter than leaf top
Interesting facts about the hornbeam
The genus of hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) includes about 170 different species. The name "beech" is a bit misleading, because hornbeams are not from the beech family, but belong to the birch family (Betulaceae).
While the trunk usually remains relatively short or often picks itself up, hornbeams often produce enormous, but nevertheless flat treetops compared to other trees. In terms of temperature, hornbeams endure both warm and very cold temperatures well beyond freezing. For example, hornbeam is found almost throughout Europe, preferably on nutrient-rich and permanently moist soils.
For industry and business, the beech wood in the present no longer has any special meaning, which is why it is almost exclusively used as firewood. Despite its above-average quality, it is inferior to most types of wood, especially in appearance and structure.