Latin name: Pineapple comosus
Number of species: 8 types
growing region: along the equator; tropics
Orig. circulation area: Caribbean
harvest time: all year round
Wuchshцhe: Max. 50cm
Older: perennial plant
calories: 100g = about 220kcal
fruit color: yellow
mass: 1 - 4.5kg
GrцЯe: 10 - 50 cm
Contained vitamins: Vitamin A, B1, B2, C, E
Included minerals: Calcium, potassium, phosphorus, iron
Interesting about the pineapple
The tropical genus of plants of the bromeliads family pineapple includes eight species. By far the best known of these native species only in South and Central America is the pineapple comosus. Today, this pineapple is cultivated as a commercial plant in almost all tropical regions. The plant is rooted in the soil with a nearly 50 cm long, club-shaped trunk. It forms the roundish-lengthed, in the botanical jargon as "Fruchtverband" classified pineapple fruit. The pineapple fruit is composed of the thickened, fibrous inflorescence axis and the white, orange-yellow flesh surrounding the axis and the small-structured, brownish bark. On top of the fruit sit fleshy high-leaves, which look like a head. The size and appearance of the pineapple vary with each crop variety.
The pineapple comosus, reminiscent of a large coniferous tree and therefore named in English "Pineapple", was cultivated and utilized by indigenous peoples long before the Europeans arrived in America. When Christopher Columbus was welcomed by Guadeloupe residents on his second trip to the Caribbean in 1494, he received pineapple fruit as a welcome gift. Even today, the pineapple in the Caribbean is considered a sign of hospitality.
As early as the mid-16th century, the pineapple plants were also grown in India and other tropical possessions of the European colonial powers. Since the 20th century, Hawaii and the Azores, as well as Brazil, the Philippines, Thailand, Costa Rica and the Ivory Coast have been the main growing areas for export pineapple supplies to the US and Europe. The very sweet, juicy and vitamin-rich pulp of pineapple is marketed both as fresh produce and as preserves. The world harvest of pineapple is about 20 million tons annually.
The popular tropical fruit has also brought it to heraldic honors: Both the coat of arms of Jamaica and the Cayman Islands graces a pineapple. The pineapple most famous among tennis fans may be the wealth symbolizing gold pineapple on the lid of the Wimbledon Cup.