Surname: Fire bug
Latin name: Pyrrhocoridae
size: 0.8 - 2.0cm
Older: 8 - 14 months
Appearance: black and red tank
food: predominantly vegetable juices
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: immediate proximity to trees and shrubs
natural enemies: no
sexual maturity: ?
mating season: April May
Number of offspring: 40 - 80 eggs
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting facts about the fire bug
- Fire bugs or Pyrrhocoridae described a family of insects that is divided into over three hundred species.
- Fire bugs are found worldwide in both the subtropics and tropics, as well as in the temperate zones.
- In Central Europe, only two species are native. The most common and widespread species is the common fire bug.
- Fire bugs owe their name to the eye-catching pattern in black, white and clear signal colors such as red, orange or yellow. Depending on the species, fire bugs are between 0.8 and 2.0 centimeters long.
- The Common Firebrand or Pyrrhocoris apterus is distinctive for its red-black color, elongated and flattened body and eye-catching pattern with dots and rectangular and triangular patches. It reaches a body length of about eleven to thirteen millimeters and has a black head with long antennae and long black limbs.
- The common fire bug is native to much of southern and central Europe as well as Asia and Eurasia. As a land-dweller, it inhabits mainly sun-warmed places near linden, as the seeds falling from these trees are their main source of food. She also likes to grow among mallow plants, horse-chestnuts and acacia. It can be found both in the lowlands and the Alps as well as in residential areas, in parks and in cemeteries.
- The common fire bug with its Stechrüssel not only sucks seeds, but also plant material and occasionally dead insects.
- As an extremely sociable insect, the Firewarm always lives in large societies with conspecifics, but does no damage.
- After mating, which can be well seen in April or May, the female lays up to a hundred eggs in a well-protected place under leaves or rocks.
- These hatch from the larvae, which, in contrast to the adult animals initially only red colored and in the course of the so-called hemimetabolism undergo a total of five nymphal stages. With each moult they see the adult fire bugs more and more similar.
- The life expectancy of the common fire bug is about one year.