Latin name: Taxus
Number of species: about 80 species of yew
circulation area: Central and Eastern Europe, North America
fruit: small light red berries (not edible!)
height: up to 15 meters
Older: 3000-4000 years possible
Properties of the bark: ?
Properties of the wood: ?
Locations of the tree: calcareous soils in shady and moist locations
needles: evergreen with dark green needles; slightly lighter at the bottom
Interesting facts about the yew
The genus of yews (Taxus) includes about 80 different species, of which only the European yew is native to Europe. The distinction between the different species in the other continents is often difficult, because yews tend to Bastardisierung and thus often occur in mixed forms.
Yew trees are easily recognized by their small red fruits. For birds, these are harmless and contribute to the distribution of the seeds. In humans, however, they cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhea and can even lead to death even in small amounts. In case of unintentional consumption, a doctor should be consulted immediately! Besides the berries, needles and bark are also highly poisonous. In this way, the yew plants effectively protect themselves from wild feeding.
The European yew is one of the trees that can best adapt to difficult environmental conditions. Frosty temperatures, weeks of lack of water or an unfavorable position (poor soil conditions, low sunlight) make the yew little, which is why you meet even in extreme areas on yew trees.