Latin name: Lacertidae
size: 10 - 25cm
mass: 0.1 - 5.0 kg (depending on species)
Older: 2 - 12 years
Appearance: numerous color variants possible
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: mainly insectivores (insektivor)
food: Insects, molluscs, bird eggs
distribution: Africa, Asia, Europe
habitat: dry-warm climate
natural enemies: especially birds and snakes
sexual maturity: about the age of two
mating season: March May
breeding season: 40 - 120 days
litter size: 1 - 6 eggs
social behavior: Loners
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting facts about the lizard
- Lizards are among the scales and are native to all warm, sunny and dry areas of Europe, Asia and Africa. On some islands off these continents, they also occur, in America and Australia, they are not found.
- There are about 400 different species worldwide, and in Central Europe the wall lizard, the sand lizard and the lizard are the most common representatives of this family.
- The reptiles have a slim body with a well-formed long tail and a dentition that consists of teeth embedded in a longitudinal bar.
- Most species reach a body length of about fifteen to twenty centimeters, only a few genera of lizards can be up to ninety inches long.
- As a cold-blooded animal, lizards change their body temperature depending on their environment. If it drops below three degrees, the lizard freezes. Therefore, during the cold season, she has to find a frost-free shelter under the ground, in cracks or between tree roots, where she gets into winter stare.
- The scales on the comb-free back of the lizards are much smaller than those on the abdomen and produce detailed patterns in their arrangement.
- The males are usually much more noticeable in appearance than the females. In particular, the head and back drawings appear in males colorful and intense bright, while the females usually look very unimpressive with their pattern in gray and brown tones.
- The food spectrum of the lizards is relatively wide. Depending on the species they prefer to eat different insects, arachnids, worms, caterpillars, molluscs and bird eggs.
- During mating season in spring, males fiercely fight for their territory, which can result in serious injury. A female who has chosen a sexual partner announces this to him by turning away and trampling at the same time. This communication technique involves a rhythmic lifting of the head and front body as well as constant kicking with the forefeet.
- Depending on the species, the lizards are either viviparous or lay eggs. Few species even reproduce sexually.
- Lizards can fall prey to a variety of predators. They are hunted by small mammals, different birds and snakes. However, the biggest threat to species native to Europe is mankind, which is increasingly destroying their habitat. Therefore, many European lizards are now classified as endangered species.