Other names: Turbot
Latin name: Scophthalmus maximus
size: 50 - 100 cm
mass: up to 25 kg
Older: 10 - 20 years
Appearance: mottled marbling, white body base
Sexual dimorphism: No
Nutrition type: preferably fish eater (piscivor)
food: Fish, plankton, crabs
distribution: Atlantic, Mediterranean, North and Baltic Sea
original origin: unknown
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: Sea, ocean
natural enemies: ?
sexual maturity: about the age of five
mating season: April - August
oviposition: up to 15 million eggs
social behavior: Loners
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting about the turbot
- The Turbot or Scophthalmus maximus describes a flatfish that lives along the coasts of Europe and is native to the Atlantic, Mediterranean, North Sea and Baltic Sea.
- The turbot is a soil inhabitant that lingers on the ocean floor at depths of up to seventy meters. The soil can be sandy as well as rocky.
- As with all flatfish, the turbot's eyes are on his left side.
- The body of the Steinbutts is disc-shaped and almost circular, only the back is slightly higher.
- The left side of the body or eye is not covered with dandruff but with bumps of bone. The turbot owes its small pebble-looking humps to its common name in German-speaking countries.
- While the underside always appears white, the upper side of the body, on which the eyes are located, adapts in its color to the environment.
- The turbot reaches a body length of up to one meter and can bring a weight of almost twenty kilograms on the scales, the Rogner (females) are significantly larger than the Milchner.
- The turbot chases on the ground, where it captures small bottom-living fish, mollusks and crabs.
- The sexual maturity of the Steinbutts occurs at the age of three to five years.
- The spawning season extends from April to August. At shallow depths of a maximum of forty meters, the rogers release several million tiny eggs, which are then fertilized by the milkers.
- The larvae hatch at the latest after nine days and develop very fast. They initially pelagic and feed on plankton. Only at a height of about two and a half centimeters, they develop gradually to soil dwellers.
- The maximum life expectancy of the Steinbutts is fifteen years.
- Because of its firm, slightly nutty-tasting and very nutritious meat, turbot is a popular food fish in Central Europe and the United Kingdom, and has high prices in the trade. The meat is suitable for grilling or roasting and harmonizes with light butter or lemon sauce.