Surname: Plum tree
Latin name: Prunus domestica
Number of species: 7 species + dozens of subspecies
circulation area: Asia (originally), Europe
fruit: Plums (see picture)
heyday: April May
height: 4 - 10m
Older: 30 - 120 years
Properties of the bark: greyish brown, smooth and not very rich in profile
Properties of the wood: ?
Locations of the tree: sunny, sheltered from the wind
leaf: elliptic, 4-10cm long, dark green surface, light green underside
Interesting about the plum tree
Of the plum tree or Prunus domestica belongs to the family of the rose family and originates from the Middle East. It is believed that he came with the troops of Alexander the Great to Europe, where he was initially cultivated in the area around Damascus on a large scale. In Central Europe, people began to grow plums only in the Middle Ages.
These summer-green fruit trees grow up to ten meters high and develop broad and spreading treetops as they grow older. The leaves of the plum are between four and ten inches long and are ovate or elliptic, with a dark green surface and much lighter, densely haired underside. The smooth bark of the plum tree appears gray-brown, the branches have a slight hairiness and are often dotted with small thorns in the wild species. The unfilled flowers that appear just before the foliage in April and May are white to pale green and about two inches in diameter. This results in the round and blue-violet, red or yellow fruits that show a clearly recognizable abdominal suture. The pulp of the ripe plums is juicy and soft, the stone sits firmly in it and is difficult to remove. Its relative, the plum, is rather oblong-oval in shape, does not show the distinct abdominal suture of the plum and is more dark blue than violet colored.
As a popular autumn fruit, the plum is considered by its high content of vitamin C, E and A and minerals such as magnesium, zinc and potassium as extremely healthy, albeit very fructose and high-calorie fruit. The blue-violet color is due to the anthocyanins contained therein. These plant dyes have the property to neutralize free radicals in the human body and are therefore considered as natural protection against cancer.