In detail

The Iguana - Wanted Poster


Surname: Iguana
Latin name: Iguana Iguana
class: Reptiles
size: 50cm - 200cm
mass: 3 - 7kg
Older: 5 - 15 years
Appearance: green, black, orange, blue
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: Insectivore (insectivore) / Herbivore (herbivor)
food: Insects, plants
distribution: Central America, South America
original origin: Central America
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: Rainforest
natural enemies: Birds of prey
sexual maturity: from 12 - 24 months
mating season: December January
oviposition: 30 - 50 eggs
social behavior: Loners
Threatened with extinction: Yes
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.

Interesting facts about the iguana

  • The tail of the iguana can be twice as long as his body. Iguanas reach a total length of more than 2 meters including the tail.
  • The large skin fold on the neck of the iguana has two functions: On the one hand, the iguana appears larger and more threatening to predators. On the other hand, the fold is impressive on females.
  • Iguanas come in many different colors: green, yellow, orange, red, gray and blue.
  • An iguana looks dangerous, but prefers to run instead of fighting.
  • The female lays between 40 and 60 eggs in a previously self-dug sand pit. After about three weeks, the iguanas hatch. Brood care does not take place. If the nest is found by a predator, it can happen that the entire brood is eaten.
  • The spines on the back and tail are for defense.
  • Not only on the American mainland are iguanas native. The Caribbean islands were conquered by the iguanas by sea.
  • Iguanas have three eyes. The apical eyelid is located on the forehead between the two normal eyes, pointing upwards. About the vertex eye only light-dark changes are perceived. As a result, the iguana can detect attacks from the air in time (for example, by a bird of prey).
  • Iguanas cast their tail to irritate in case of danger.