What is creationism?
The belief in a world created by a creator is called Creationism (lat. creatio = creation). The term encompasses several different currents and views, all more or less the same: man was created by a higher power (a Creator / God). At the same time, the roots of the creationist concept still lie far before the date of creation of the Bible, Koran and Torah. Already treatises of the Greek philosophers, including Plato and Aristotole, postulated in various forms the existence of a god of creation.
In the following some of the most popular directions of creationism are presented:
Followers of short-term creationism, also as Young earth creationism known, believe in a creation of earth and man, which dates back a maximum of 10,000 years. They base their faith on the content of Genesis. At the same time, the statements about creation are literally interpreted: God created earth and man in six days.
In scientific contradiction is the idea of the young earth in particular with regard to radiometric dating methods, with the help of organic material can be arranged temporally. The extinction of dinosaurs is scientifically problematic explained by Kurzzeitkreationisten, namely by the great deluge. Accordingly, humans and dinosaurs even lived side by side. Paldontological findings clearly can not support these assumptions, as fossils of dinosaurs and of Homo sapiens were never found in the same layer of rock.
In contrast to short - term creationism, followers of the Langzeitkreationismus the scientific knowledge from paldontology and archaeological age determination to a large extent. The earth is therefore several million years old within the framework of this belief. How then life was created by a creator is assumed in various ways:
After concordance hypothesis The six-day creation from Genesis is not literally interpreted, but estimated for the individual days a period of many millions of years. On the other hand, followers of the Lьckentheorie from a creation on an already geologically old earth. Between the first day on which God created the earth and the sixth day on which God created man, so are several billion years.
The most complex theory among long-term creationists is the Creation on installments It is assumed that God intervenes over the entire period again and again in batches in the Creation. Species die out and are replaced by God through a new creation through other species.
All these views have one thing in common: they try to incorporate the scientific findings from geology and paldontology, in order to reconcile the age of the earth (4.5 billion years) with the history of creation. In particular, many scientific findings, i.a. the development of living beings, which are simply "rebuilt" or "built in" by the long-term creationists. All living things are, so to speak, unchangeably given by a determinism given by God.
To the Neo-creationism In particular, the concept of intelligent design (Engl. smart design). At its core is the assumption that all living things must be "designed" by an intelligent designer because they are too complex in their appearance to evolve through evolution.
The main argument is usually the so-called non-reducible complexity of the organs. It is argued that certain organs could not develop without higher power, because on the one hand the individual components are not reducible to less developed organs (eg the flagellum in bacteria), and on the other hand the interaction of the individual components (eg in the human eye ) represent a self-contained system. But this way of thinking turns out to be wrong: within evolution, complex systems (like the eye) do not emerge by themselves, but evolve from subcomponents that previously had a different function, both to the flagellum and to the eye true.
Because of the supposition of a supernatural being, the concept of intelligent design is considered pseudo-science. A scientific examination of the arguments is not possible.