Surname: Cherry tree
Latin name: Prunus avium
Number of species: ?
circulation area: Northern Hemisphere
fruit: Cherries (see picture right)
heyday: April May
height: 10 - 20m
Older: 30 - 90 years
Properties of the bark: grayish
Properties of the wood: red-brown, medium-hard,
Locations of the tree: nutrient-rich soil, partially shaded
leaf: oval, pointed, about 5 - 7 cm long, serrated
Interesting about the cherry tree
Cherry trees are among the rose plants or Rosceae and are divided into wild and cultivated forms. Today, depending on the taste and color of the fruit between Sweet- and sour cherries distinguished. The native species from which the cultivated forms developed is Wild Black Cherry or Prunus avium, which is native to many European countries and Central Asia and was naturalized in northern Africa, America and India. It grows preferentially in forests with a high stock of oaks and beech trees, where it grows best in partially shaded locations at forest edges, in dense shrubs or hedges. Wild cherry trees can be found in different locations up to two thousand meters high. Cultivated cherry trees also love half-shaded places and need nutrient-rich and alkaline soil conditions.
Cherry trees are winter-bare, can grow between ten and twenty meters high and develop a round and widely branched treetop. The fragrant white or light pink flowers appear depending on the variety and location in April or May and have a diameter of about three centimeters. Up to a million of the close-packed blossoms show up on a cherry tree, so that they cover the entire branches with their pure white or pink. In many countries of the world, but especially in Japan, the cherry blossom is celebrated as the beginning of spring and is the subject of numerous artistic representations. Only at the end of flowering do the dark-green and pointed-oval leaves develop, which have an irregularly sawn edge and stain strikingly deep red in autumn.
The drupes emerge from the flowers hanging from a nodding fruit style and are usually fully mature in June or July. While the cherries measure only a few millimeters in wild trees, they reach a diameter of up to three centimeters in cultivated forms. The color of the cherries ranges from a glowing dark red to a deep black-red. Depending on the variety, the pulp is sweet, sour or slightly bitter in taste. Cherries are extremely nutritious and are eaten raw as well as compote, jam and in various sweets such as pies and chocolates. The reddish wood of the cherry trees is also used for the production of precious and expensive furniture.