Surname: Koi carp
Other names: Koi
Latin name: Cyprinus carpio
size: 20 - 100cm
mass: 500 - 5000g
Older: 30 - 50 years
Appearance: gold, silver, red, orange, green, white
Sexual dimorphism: No
Nutrition type: mainly insectivores (insektivor)
food: Insects, shells, crustaceans
distribution: as a decorative fish worldwide
original origin: Asia
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: Lakes, ponds
natural enemies: Heron
sexual maturity: about the age of three
mating season: ?
oviposition: up to 500,000 eggs
social behavior: Swarm animal
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting facts about the koi carp
- Koi carp or koi originate as the European carp species of wild carp and originally developed from Asian-bred forms.
- Conjectures suggest that the first breeds, which are the forerunners of today's koi carp, originated in Japan or China about 2,400 years ago.
- The name Koi is a short form of the Japanese word Nishikigoi, which translates to brocade carp and refers to the striking and colorful pattern of many subspecies.
- In Japan, the Koi breed was perfected, from where it spread throughout the centuries throughout East Asia. Even today, these colorful carp species are highly regarded in Japan and are considered the epitome of prosperity and an important symbol of courage and strength.
- Within the family of koi carp, there are sixteen different breeding variants, which in turn are divided into over one hundred subgroups.
- Koi carp can appear in a variety of colors, from white, gray, gold, silver, yellow, orange, red to green and blue shades and black, depending on the breed. They can be monochrome or appear in different patterns and drawings in multiple shades.
- The individual groups are differentiated not only according to color, but also according to other characteristics such as fringed and oversized fins or their scaling.
- In their way of life and their physique koi carps hardly differ from the wild forms. They reach body lengths of up to one meter and are therefore considered the largest freshwater ornamental fish ever.
- You need as a habitat a large pond or lake with deep water. A minimum depth of 130 centimeters guarantees that the animals can easily overwinter. For each fully grown specimen, account should be taken of a quantity of water of at least one, better still two or three cubic meters.
- Koi carp thrive best in waters that are neither fully shaded nor exposed to intense sunlight throughout the day.
- Koi carp are predatory omnivores that feed on wild fish mainly from aquatic insects, spawning, small fish and amphibians. In addition, they also serve various aquatic plants as food sources. Koi carp kept in garden ponds and farms are fed with special koi feed, which can have some influence on the color of the fish and contains all necessary nutrients.
- Koi carp have a very high life expectancy and can be over fifty years old if kept in the right way.
- Natural predators of Koi carp kept in ponds are mainly herons in addition to cats, but they can be efficiently kept away with nets.
- Some specimens today generate sales totals in the five-digit euro range and are traded in some circles as valuable investment objects.