In detail

The deer - Wanted poster


Characteristics

Surname: Deer
Latin name: Cervinae
class: Mammals
size: 1 - 3m
mass: up to 800kg
Older: 6 - 14 years
Appearance: depending on the species
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: Herbivore (herbivor)
food: Leaves, grasses, tree fruits
distribution: Asia, North America, Europe
original origin: unknown
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: unspecific
natural enemies: Wolf
sexual maturity: about the age of two
mating season: ?
gestation: 8 - 9 months
litter size: 1 cub
social behavior: Herd animal
Threatened with extinction: Yes
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.

Interesting about the deer

  • The deer belong to the pair of hoofs and describe a family of ruminant mammals, which includes about 45 species.
  • They are mainly distributed in Europe, Asia and America, some species are also found in West African countries north of the Sahara. Through naturalization deer live today in Australia and New Zealand, New Guinea and the Caribbean.
  • Deer populate different habitats, ranging from temperate and tundra forests to grasslands and deserts.
  • Depending on the species, deer can reach a body length of up to three meters and a weight of up to eight hundred kilograms.
  • With a body length of no more than eighty centimeters and a maximum weight of thirteen kilograms, the pudu, which is native to South America, is considered the smallest deer species.
  • Among the best known European species are red deer, fallow deer, elk and deer.
  • The only domesticated species is the reindeer, which is native to the Arctic, North American and Northern Eu- rope regions.
  • All deer are herbivores that feed primarily on grasses, tree bark, soft foliage and branches. The species native to Europe and America also eat seasonal crops, acorns, chestnuts and beechnuts.
  • Within this family there are species that live as loners as well as animals that join group associations of different sizes.
  • Many deer live in harem families that are dominated by a single male. This defends its territory against rivals in fierce battles and mates with several females. Outside the mating season many deer live in separate sex packs.
  • A pregnant female temporarily leaves the group a few weeks before the end of gestation, looking for a hidden place for the upcoming birth.
  • The females usually give birth to a cub, which is deposited by the mother for the first few weeks in a sheltered place in the thicket and exclusively nursed. To protect it from predators, the mother already licks her calf immediately after birth. After this first phase in the thicket, the mother of the mother follows back to the herd and feeds already partially on delicate plant shoots.
  • Most male juveniles develop shortly after birth, the bony cusps on the head, which represent the plant of future antlers. This is shaped differently depending on the type and size. It is dropped after the mating season every year and grows more in the next season. As the animal ages, so does its antlers.
  • The dropped antler sticks of many deer species serve rodents as food source.
  • With the exception of the reindeer, female deer do not wear antlers. Only male water turns completely lacking.
  • The fresh antlers are covered by a furry skin, the so-called Baste. In midsummer, the bastal hangs in tatters from the antlers and is rubbed by the male deer on the trees and consumed.