Information

The Hecht - Wanted Poster


Characteristics

Surname: Pike
Latin name: Esox lucius
class: Fishes
size: 1.0 - 1.5m
mass: up to 30kg
Older: 15 - 30 years
Appearance: gray-green
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: predominantly fish-eater (piscivor)
food: mainly fish; also crustaceans and small amphibians
distribution: Northern Hemisphere
original origin: unknown
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: prefers flowing waters
natural enemies: especially conspecifics; Cannibalism is not a rare phenomenon in pike
sexual maturity: around the age of three
mating season: March May
Number of possible offspring: up to 40,000 eggs
social behavior: Loners
Threatened with extinction: Yes
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.

Interesting about the pike

  • The pike or Esox lucius describes a predatory fish, which is considered in many countries because of its fine white meat as a popular edible fish.
  • It is native to northern and central Europe, Asia and North America, where it populates rivers with fresh or brackish water. It is usually found near the shore and in reed beds.
  • The pike can reach a body length of up to 150 centimeters and a weight of over twenty or thirty kilograms.
  • The pike has an elongated body with a long head and an almost beak-shaped mouth.
  • The color of the pike varies depending on its habitat and may appear green, brown or gray-brown, usually with a light pattern.
  • His far back dorsal fin allows him quick and abrupt twists when he is hunting.
  • His teeth consist of razor-sharp, curved back teeth, which are also on the palate and on the tongue. The teeth automatically straighten up when it detects its prey.
  • A skilful and aggressive predator, the pike loots everything that gets in his way. His preferred food sources are sick or decrepit fish and amphibians, but also young water birds, crabs and rodents, which are close to water.
  • Since he primarily pursues hunting for weak and sick fish, including his fellow species, the pike contributes significantly to keeping the ecosystem in which he lives healthy.
  • Every year pike eat about forty kilograms of food.
  • His prey devoured the pike greedily and in large chunks.
  • The mating takes place in spring, after the females were persistently harassed by the males and fiercely fought over.
  • Depending on their body weight, females lay in ubicated waters or flooded areas up to half a million eggs that adhere to underwater plants.
  • The larvae hatch at the latest three weeks, grow up very fast and already capture the brood of other fish with a height of only two centimeters.
  • Pikes can reach a considerable age of up to thirty years.
  • Because they are very aggressive, they have limited ability to be bred.