Latin name: Ginkgo biloba
Number of species: about 40 gingko species
circulation area: Europe and Asia
fruit: small, round, light green fruits
heyday: May June
height: 20-40 m
Older: up to 1000 years (mainly in Asia)
Properties of the bark: thick cork layer
Properties of the wood: ?
Locations of the tree: nutrient-rich soils
leaf: unmistakable fan-like leaf shape
Interesting facts about the ginkgo tree
To the genus of Ginkgo trees (Ginkgo Biloba) belong to about 40 different species, but they are all the last representatives of the order of the Ginkgoales. Strictly speaking, ginkgo trees are not deciduous trees either, but in addition to deciduous and coniferous trees they form a class of their own (Ginkgophyta). This is mainly due to the enormous age of the ginkgo trees: fossil finds prove that ginkgo plants already existed 300 million years ago and have changed little since then. Thus, they are considered in botany as the oldest living fossil.
Originally Ginkgos are native to Central Asia and have there a comparable value as the oak in Germany. The ginkgo has always been a symbol of art and literature, as a useful and decorative plant, as well as in medicine. The ginkgolides, which are extracts of ginkgo leaves, are said to have beneficial effects on brain performance, which is why the medicine uses ginkgo extracts to combat dementia and enhance memory.