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The Gibbon - Wanted Poster


Characteristics

Surname: Gibbon
Latin name: Hylobatidae
class: Mammals
size: up to 90cm
mass: 4 - 12kg
Older: 15 - 25 years
Appearance: depending on the species
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: Herbivore (herbivor) / fruit eater (fruktivor)
food: Leaves, fruits
distribution: South East Asia
original origin: China
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: Tropical rain forest
natural enemies: Big cats
sexual maturity: around the age of ten
mating season: all year round
gestation: about 210 days
litter size: 1 cub
social behavior: Family Association
Threatened with extinction: Yes
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.

Interesting facts about the gibbon

  • The Gibbons describe a family of four genera, which is known by the name Hylobatidae and is divided into twelve species.
  • The gibbons belong to the great apes or Hominoidea and are within this superfamily, the largest and most species-rich group.
  • Gibbons are native to much of Southeast Asia, where they are found only in the tropical rainforests. Due to their unique physique, they are perfectly adapted to a life in the tall treetops.
  • With its overlong arms, the gibbon moves swinging from branch to branch at high speed. This locomotion is referred to in the jargon as brachiation. He is by far the most agile acrobat among all the species living in the trees, because it almost looks like he is not going to shimmy but fly.
  • In addition to the longest arms among all kinds of monkeys, his low body weight also allows him to swing through the treetops at lightning speed.
  • Depending on the species, gibbons only weigh between four and twelve kilograms with a maximum height of ninety centimeters. They are brushless like all apes. Their dense fur appears in different shades of brown, gray or black depending on the species.
  • On the ground, gibbons, like all apes, move on bipeds, seldom leaving the protection of the trees.
  • When they are thirsty, they lick condensation from leaves and go in search of small branch crumbs, in which the water collects.
  • Gibbons form small family groups, which usually comprise no more than six animals and consist of the monogamous parents and their kittens. Once males and females have found each other, they stay together for many years, sometimes even for life. Among mammals, such family life is known only in about three percent of all species.
  • A couple continues to grow every two to three years. The young animal is lovingly taken care of by both the mother and the father and spends the first year of life in the dense fur of the parents.
  • The family group operates in a territory of twenty to fifty hectares, defended against invaders. The area is mainly distinguished by the characteristic and penetrating vocals that the gibbons perform in duet.
  • Gibbons spend most of the day in the trees looking for food. Although they are omnivores, they feed mainly on fruits and leaves, only very rarely do they also catch small birds, bird eggs, spiders or insects.
  • In the wild Gibbons reach a age of about 25 years, but can become significantly older in human custody.
  • Due to the depletion of their habitat and poaching, some species such as the silver gibbon are threatened with extinction today.