Surname: Fig tree
Latin name: Ficus carica
Number of species: about 1000
circulation area: Asia Minor (originally)
fruit: Figs (see picture on the right)
heyday: up to three times a year
height: 2 - 12m
Older: 40 - 80 years
Properties of the bark: gray, smooth
Properties of the wood: ?
Locations of the tree: sunny, warm climate
leaf: mostly three-leaved leaves, 8 - 20cm long
Interesting facts about the fig tree
The real fig tree or Ficus carica describes a genus within the mulberry family and is native to Southwest Asia. Today, fig trees are widely cultivated throughout the Mediterranean, Australia, New Zealand, the United States, Africa and China, with the largest harvests in Turkey and Greece. The fig tree also grows in many parts of Germany and Austria, where there is a mild climate and viticulture is also practiced.
The fig tree is a shrub or medium-sized tree with thick and strong branches. All species, whether wild or cultivated, have the characteristic of the genus Ficus milk cells. From the original forms in the cultivation of the goat fig and the culture fig developed. Depending on the climate in which the fig tree grows, it is either deciduous or evergreen in subtropical regions.
The fig tree has up to twenty centimeters long, three- to five-lobed, irregularly serrated leaves with a rough surface and soft hairy underside. The small, secretive flowers develop a juicy-fleshy inflorescence, from which the violet, brown or green figs develop in three generations in summer, autumn and winter. These are common fruits, that is, they consist of many tiny stone fruits, which are surrounded by a reddish or golden yellow flesh. Figs are popular all over the world and delight with their sweet, highly aromatic taste and high content of minerals.
For fertilization, the fig tree needs the so-called fig-gall wasp, whose larvae grow into the female flower of the goat's tooth and pollinate the male flowers of the culture fig with the pollen picked up on leaving. Basically, new varieties will produce fruit even without this unique pollination method, but they will not contain seeds. Seedless figs are sold exclusively as fresh fruit, while seed crops are usually used for drying.