In detail

The fire salamander - profile


Surname: Fire salamander
Latin nameSalamandra salamandra
class: Amphibians
size: 12 - 20cm
mass: 25 - 40g
Older: 15 - 30 years
Appearance: yellow spots on black skin
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: Insectivore (insectivore)
food: Beetles, earthworms, spiders
distribution: Europe, North Africa
original origin: Central Europe
Sleep-wake rhythm: nocturnal
habitat: Forests
natural enemies: /
sexual maturity: about the age of four
mating season: June - September
Number of offspring: 30 - 50 larvae
social behavior: ?
Threatened with extinction: Yes
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.

Interesting facts about the fire salamander

  • The fire salamander is one of the caudate and describes a mainly native to Europe amphibian.
  • This Lurch is known to most people mainly for its concise appearance. His body is covered by a deep black and shiny skin, which is covered in bright orange, yellow or even bright red spots.
  • The eye-catching pattern is intended to deter predators such as foxes or cats. The Fire Salamander can defend itself successfully by spraying its attackers with a special poison produced in the behind the ears, the so-called Salamandrin.
  • It reaches a total length of up to twenty centimeters and a body weight of up to forty grams.
  • The fire salamander inhabits large parts of Central Europe from Germany via Eastern Europe to Greece and southern Spain, preferring habitats along the mountain ranges. Also in some countries of North Africa as well as Asia Minor and Israel the fire salamander occurs. Depending on the distribution area, a distinction is made between several subspecies. In the British Isles and Scandinavia, however, the fire salamander is not native.
  • Fire Salamanders live exclusively in deciduous and mixed forests, with forest margins and forests of oak, beech and birch being preferred.
  • A certain amount of soil moisture is a prerequisite for the survival of this amphibian species, with flooded areas and marshes not being a suitable habitat as dry areas are lacking as retreats.
  • Fire salamanders spend the day mainly in damp and cool places under rocks, rocks and woodpiles, but can also be found in burrows, under piles of leaves, tree stumps and in abandoned mine tunnels, where they also like to overwinter. However, the fire salamander needs a habitat for spawning near a stagnant body of water.
  • His peculiarity of leaving his shelter after a long rainfall has earned the fire salamander the nickname "Regemännchen". Otherwise you get to see a fire salamander especially in the warm season exclusively in the dark.
  • Unlike other amphibians, the female fire salamander does not lay eggs, but about ten months after fertilization, it lays cumbersome larvae in an advanced stage of development into cool and clean water, preferably in streams.
  • After about three months in the water, the larvae undergo the metamorphosis and become full-grown rural dwellers.
  • Fire salamanders feed mainly on small invertebrates such as beetles, snails, spiders, earthworms or woodlice.
  • The average life expectancy of this Lurche is about 25 years, but it has been reported by fire salamanders who reached the age of over forty years.