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The Vulture - Wanted Poster


Characteristics

Surname: Vulture
Latin name: Aegypiinae (Old World Vulture)
class: Birds
size: 80 - 100cm
mass: 2 - 8kg
Older: 25 - 40 years
Appearance: distinctive ruff, brown plumage
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: Scavenger (necrophagous)
food: Carrion
distribution: Asia, Africa, Europe
original origin: Asia or Africa
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: Semi-desert, steppe
natural enemies: /
sexual maturity: approx. from the age of five
mating season: January - March
breeding season: 50 - 60 days
clutch size: 1 - 2 eggs
social behavior: Loners
Threatened with extinction: Yes
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.

Interesting facts about the vulture

  • Vultures describe several groups of birds of prey, which differ greatly in their lifestyles and anatomy and belong to different families.
  • Representatives of the vultures include all species of Old World vultures, the Gypaetinae and the New World vulture. These families are only distantly related and colonize different continents.
  • Old World vultures are native to Asia, Africa and Southern Europe, while New World vultures are found only in North and South America.
  • Common to all vultures is that they feed on carrion for the most part and therefore play an important role in the cleansing of nature and the control of animal diseases. The characteristic appearance of the birds of prey, which results from the bald or short-feathered skull, connects all vulture species.
  • Old World Vultures populate open plains like semi-desert and steppe depending on the species, but are also found in the mountains. By contrast, New World vultures are predominantly native to grasslands, bushland and forests as well as high mountain ranges. However, some species of New World vulture native to South America go near human settlements in search of food. The raven vulture, for example, is found primarily in cities where it scours waste for food.
  • The Old World vultures are counted among the group of hawk-like species and can reach wingspans of almost three meters. A characteristic feature is their pronounced feather curls, which are located at the base of a mostly bare and long neck. The best known species of Old World vultures are the black vulture, the white-backed vulture and the griffon vulture.
  • The Egyptian vultures and bearded vultures do not count, as has long been assumed, to the Old World vultures, but describe with their own other species a separate group, namely the Gypaetinae. The most important representative is the extremely rare Bearded Vulture.
  • The most powerful airworthy bird in the world is the Andean Condor, a New World vulture whose conspicuous appearance is characterized by its shiny black plumage and snow-white ruff. It is located along the Andes mountain range in the western part of South America from Argentina to Tierra del Fuego. Even the Andean condor feeds exclusively on carrion, but searches in flight for potential prey such as sheep, goats or cows grazing on mountain slopes. He drives these into a corner until they crash. The Andean Condor waits patiently until an animal dies and then lunges over its prey.
  • The bearded vulture has also developed a specialized technique to access its food. He collects turtles and large bones from dead animals and drops them during his gliding from several hundred meters on rocks to crush them into pieces. Bearded vultures are able to consume bones of several centimeters thick due to the strong beaks and the highly concentrated stomach acid.