Information

The apple tree - deciduous tree


Characteristics

Surname: Apple tree
Latin name: Malus
Number of species: about 40 apple trees
circulation area: All around the world
fruit: Apples
heyday: May June
height: 2-10 meters
Older: up to 100 years
Properties of the bark: ?
Properties of the wood: ?
Locations of the tree: very adaptable, therefore everywhere
leaf: oval leaf shape, light green color

Interesting about the apple tree

The plant genus of apples (Malus) includes a variety of different domesticated and natural wild apple trees. For centuries, apple plants have been selectively bred by humans. From the ancient Romans it is considered certain that they managed apple orchards on a large scale. In the recent past, the breeding of apple species has gotten a genetically engineered component, because the sweet taste of the fruits has not gone unnoticed by pests. Larvae of apple blossoms and codling moths, as well as various species of aphids (such as the blood louse) increasingly endanger the monocultures of apple orchards. Targeted breeding or genetic engineering attempts to increase the resistance of the plants and thus make them more robust against external influences.
Apples are extremely healthy: especially their peel is rich in ascorbic acid (Vitamin C), which must be absorbed by humans through food, because the body can not produce vitamin C itself. In addition, apples contain vitamin A, B1, E, niacin and the minerals calcium and magnesium. So the English saying "An apple a day, keeps the doctor away" can be taken to heart.

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