Surname: Shetland pony
Latin name: Equus ferus caballus
size: 87 - 107cm
mass: 120 - 250kg
Older: 30 - 40 years
Appearance: in principle all coat colors possible
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: Herbivore (herbivor)
food: Hay, grass, herbs
distribution: as a breeding horse worldwide
original origin: Shetland (Scotland)
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: Meadows and pastures
natural enemies: /
sexual maturity: with the second or third year of life
mating season: possible all year round
gestation: about 336 days
litter size: 1 cub
social behavior: Loners
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting facts about the Shetland pony
- The Shetland pony describes a small horse breed, which, as the name suggests, comes from the Shetlands, a Scottish archipelago.
- The exact history of the origin of the Shetland pony has not been explored to this day. However, scientists assume that even the Celtic aboriginals of Scotland brought the small horses from mainland Europe. The earliest finds indicating the existence of such horses in the Shetlands date back to the fifth century BC.
- To date, the characteristics of this breed have changed only slightly.
- The Shetland Pony gained first economic importance as pit horses, because they were used by English miners because of their small body size. They could easily move in the low shafts and were also able to pull large loads by their strong stature.
- While the Shetland pony was bred and used in the UK as a pure workhorse, it was used mainly in the circus in Europe.
- In their homeland, the Shetland Islands, Shetland ponies are still kept in the wild. They are perfectly adapted to the harsh weather conditions of northern Scotland as they have a short and shiny coat in the summer and a dense and long coat with a lush mane in the winter.
- The Shetland pony is of compact and rectangular stature and reaches a size of 95 to a maximum of 107 centimeters, whereby the so-called "mini Shettys" can be even only 65 centimeters tall.
- The neck is strong and covered by a thick mane. The Shetland pony also has a wide forehead and large, round eyes.
- All color variants, including piebald and tiger checks, are permitted.
- Not only the small size, but also the frugal and good-natured nature make the Shetland Pony a very popular riding horse for small children.
- Nevertheless, it also has stubborn and spirited traits.
- It is characterized by a surprising strength and endurance, a willingness to learn and a high degree of robustness.
- Therefore, Shetland ponies are still used today as coach ponies that can easily pull sledges and cars.