Other names: Earth lion
Latin name: Chamaeleonidae
size: 15 - 25cm
mass: approx. 1,5kg
Older: 1 - 8 years
Appearance: green but customizable
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: Insectivore (insectivore)
distribution: Africa, Southwest Asia
original origin: probably Africa
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: in forests close to coasts and waters
natural enemies: Snakes, birds of prey
sexual maturity: 10 - 14 months
mating season: August
clutch size: 5 - 35 eggs
social behavior: Loners
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting about the chameleon
- The chameleon uses its tongue to catch prey. Unlike frogs, however, chameleons do not have a sticky tongue, but suck the prey animals with negative pressure. In the front of the tip of the tongue, a muscle contracts and creates a cavity with negative pressure.
- Some chameleon species can change their color to capture better solar heat. But even in the case of a threat, the chameleon changes its color to confuse the attacker.
- Because the scales do not grow, chameleons shed regularly.
- During the breeding season, a chameleon lays an average of between 30-40 eggs in a self-dug well. Only after more than half a year do the eggs hatch.
- Chameleons can move their eyes independently. An unnoticed sneaking is practically impossible, because chameleons have a 360 ° all-round view.
- The majority of chameleon species occur on the island of Madagascar.
- Found fossils prove that chameleons were even in Germany millions of years ago. At that time the climate was much warmer.
- Usually, insects are high on the menu. Some species, however, also eat other small chameleons.
- Two chameleons can communicate about their skin color. Dark colors indicate willingness to attack, while bright colors signal willingness to mate.