Other names: Malinchen, Sonnenfischchen
Latin name: Leucaspius delineatus
size: 5 - 12cm
Older: 1 - 4 years
Appearance: green-brown scales
Sexual dimorphism: low level
Nutrition type: predominantly plankton eater (planktivor)
food: Plankton, mosquito larvae
original origin: Europe
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: Freshwater waters such as lakes, ponds or ponds
natural enemies: Perch, pike, catfish
sexual maturity: towards the end of the first year of life
spawning season: April June
clutch size: ?
social behavior: Swarmfish
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting facts about the moderlieschen
- The Moderlieschen or Leucaspius delineatus describes a species within the carp fish, which is also known in the German-speaking world as Malinchen or Sonnenfischchen.
- Its distribution area is limited to Central Europe. It inhabits small, mostly standing or even temporary waters such as puddles, ponds, ponds, ditches, ponds, dredging lakes and swamps.
- The moderlieschen likes to hide between dense water plants near the shore, where it is protected from the current.
- It lives in swarms and stays above all under the water surface.
- The moderlieschen has a torpedo-shaped, laterally flattened and slender body, which is covered with large and shiny scales in brown-greenish, on the side blue-silver color. It is between five and twelve inches long and has transparent fins with slightly reddish beginnings.
- The males are slightly smaller than the females, but the appearance of the genders is difficult to distinguish.
- Striking are the round eyes, which appear very large in relation to the body.
- Moderlieschen are very frugal fish that feed mainly on plant and animal remains, plankton, small aquatic insects, mosquito larvae.
- You can easily survive in low-oxygen waters.
- Even against ice and cold the Moderlieschen is largely insensitive.
- At the end of the first year Moderlieschen become sexually mature.
- The spawning takes place from April to the end of June. The females stick their only one millimeter large eggs in ribbons to the stems of aquatic plants.
- The spawning process is repeated between three and five times.
- The males fertilize, guard and care for the eggs until they hatch after 10 or 12 days at the latest.
- In the wild the Moderlieschen reaches a maximum age of four years.
- Today, the moderlieschen is rarely found, as drainage of wetlands have led to a sharp decline in its habitats.
- The extremely robust Moderlieschen is a popular fish for cold water aquariums and garden ponds.