Comparison of small intestine and colon

Differences and similarities

small intestinecolon
Medical nameIntestinal tenueIntestine crassum
constructionDuodenum, jejunum, ileumCecum, colon, rectum
functionDigestion of food components and intake of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and waterAbsorption of water; Temporary storage of the chair
length4 - 5,5m1,5m
diameterabout 2.5cmabout 7 - 8cm
PH value6 - 85,5 - 6,5
resorptionabout 200 square metersabout 10 square meters
Duration of food6 - 10 hours10 - 25 hours
Population density of the bacteriamediumhigh
intestinal floraet al Lactobacilli, streptococci, bifidobacteriaet al Clostridia, Proteobacteria, Streptococci, Staphylococci
diseasesCrohn's disease, celiac disease, duodenal ulcerAppendicitis, ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel syndrome