What is nature conservation? Definition, history and actions:
Under the term natural reserve All political and private measures to preserve intact ecosystems are summarized. Conservation aims to protect biodiversity, biodiversity and the performance of landscapes in terms of their resources. In contrast to environmental protection, nature conservation also includes ecosystems that are not necessarily important for humans as a livelihood or in economic terms.
History of nature conservation
Through the exploitation and destruction of nature by humans, nature conservation became more and more important during the 20th century. Already in 1913, the first international conference on nature conservation took place in Switzerland. In the decades that followed, awareness of common conservation continued to increase. To date, nearly thirty intergovernmental agreements have been concluded worldwide between several states aimed at actively protecting national and international natural assets. Federal agencies for nature conservation ensure in many countries that endangered or endangered ecosystems are preserved with all living things.
Nature reserves - legally protected landscapes
Nature conservation means above all that rare animals (fauna) and plants (flora) and their habitats are protected from destruction. Many species are protected, meaning that they can not be hunted and killed or exploited or picked by law. Particularly threatened regions are declared by the governments nature reserves. Founded in 1872, Yellowstone National Park in the US is considered the oldest nature reserve in the world. The first European national parks were founded in Sweden in 1909. In some of these landscapes very strict regulations apply as far as the behavior of the visitors is concerned. In some nature reserves even entering is prohibited by law.
Tasks and goals of conservation organizations
In addition to individual governments and international associations of states, privately financed associations also campaign for the protection of landscapes and ecosystems. Depending on the area of interest, conservation organizations focus on preserving one or more animal or plant species or on maintaining a geographically limited area. Other organizations are supraregional associations that operate in several federal states or across states. At the same time, some conservation organizations are also committed to protecting the environment.